Decline in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912)
In 1704, Pope Clement XI issued a decree to prohibit Chinese Christians from practicing Chinese rituals. Emperor Kang Xi and his successors began to expel missionaries from China. “The expulsion solidified China’s isolation from the rest of the world and thus left the Kaifeng Jews more alone than ever, for the European priests had been their only contact with the outside world.”
The political and social situation grew worse in the 19th century. "The impoverishment of the Jews continued and the number of poor increased." The Jews in London, the United States and Shanghai had made some attempts to help the Chinese Jews of Kaifeng. But all their attempts finally failed. "The Christian missionaries did succeed in establishing good relations with the Chinese Jews of Kaifeng, but their motives were mixed, and they were unable to give them what they needed—a renewed knowledge of Judaism, a link with world Jewry and a rebuilt synagogue." Bishop White from Canadian Anglican Mission was the last one to make this kind of attempt.
"The Kaifeng Jewish community ceased to function as a viable religious or collective entity in the second half of the nineteenth century, after the death of its last rabbi, the destruction of its unattended synagogue, and the sale of its holy books. By the end of the nineteenth century, all the holy scriptures and books were gone." In 1914, the site of the synagogue was finally sold to the Canadian Anglican Mission headed by Bishop White.